NEWTON, Massachusetts–Proposal activity for architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) firms sank to its lowest quarterly level in over a decade in the second quarter of 2020, as the coronavirus-related downturn trimmed backlog and reduced revenue for firms coast to coast. 

PSMJ Resources’ Quarterly Market Forecast (QMF) reported a near-record-low Net Plus/Minus Index (NPMI) of -22% for proposal activity in the latest quarter, substantially down from the +17% recorded in the first quarter.

Backlog slid from an NPMI of +6% in the first quarter to -24% in the second, while the revenue NPMI dropped from +9% to -16%. On a positive note, projected revenue for the third quarter jumped to -5% from -49%, meaning that about as many firms expect an increase in third-quarter revenue as expect a decrease. In the prior survey, almost two-thirds of AEC leaders anticipated lower revenue in April through June than they collected in the year’s first 3 months, while only about 15% projected growth.


The NPMI expresses the difference between the percentage of firms reporting an increase in proposal activity and those reporting a decrease. PSMJ’s QMF has proven to be a solid predictor of construction market health for the AEC industry since its inception in 2003. 

“We’re clearly still a long way from being out of the woods,” says Greg Hart, a PSMJ consultant and the QMF’s director. “This is the third-lowest quarterly NPMI for proposal activity in the 17-year history of our survey, and while some of the markets and submarkets have remained relatively healthy, most are still struggling. We’re seeing improvement, but with proposal activity this depressed, the AEC industry is likely to experience an uneven recovery for at least the next several months.”

Quarterly Market Forecast: Proposal Activity NPMI, Q3 2003 to Q2 2020


Of the 12 major AEC markets measured by the QMF, water/wastewater has held up best during the COVID-19 crisis. Its Q2 NPMI of 20% topped all major markets and was one of only four in positive territory. Water/wastewater also led all major markets in the monthly surveys that PSMJ conducted for April and May, and all six of its submarkets recorded a second quarter NPMI above zero.

Energy/utilities (15%) was runner-up, followed by health care (10%) and housing (2%). In the first quarter, housing (-19%) was among the hardest hit. The Q2 survey reported substantial rebounds for single-family and multifamily residential properties.


Proposal activity for the environmental market was flat (0%), but an improvement over its Q1 performance (-5%). Light industry’s NPMI was also 0% (up from -5%), while heavy Industry fell from -17% in Q1 to -26% in the Q2. Transportation slid from +7% to -10%, government buildings dipped from -8% to -13%, and education continued its weak showing with a fall from -12% to -30%.

Commercial markets continue to be battered, but showed slight improvement in the Q2. Proposal activity in the commercial developer market improved from -47% to -37%, while the commercial user market eased up from -51% to -45%.

Among the 58 submarkets tracked, only 16 showed positive NPMIs (down from 20 in the Q1). The highest NPMI among submarkets came from warehouse/distribution facilities for users at 30%. It was followed by water distribution (28%), and utility distribution and telecom/cable (both 22%). The restaurant submarket again performed worst, up slightly to -73% from -75%, closely followed by hotels/motels at -67%.

Discouraging signs among submarkets include the fact that none of the six transportation submarkets cracked 0% after half were in the positive in the first quarter, and only one health-care submarket (medical labs) was positive after strong performances from all four submarkets in the first quarter.

PSMJ’s Quarterly Market Forecast: Best/Worst Submarkets Q2 2020